Presidents of The United States

Click on the Presidents for biography

Name Lived Birth State Term Political Party
1. George Washington - W252 1732-1799 VA 1789-1797 Federalist
2. John Adams - A352 1735-1826 MA 1797-1801 Federalist
3. Thomas Jefferson - J162 1743-1826 VA 1801-1809 Democratic Republican
4. James Madison - M325 1751-1836 VA 1809-1817 Democratic Republican
5. James Monroe - M560 1751-1836 VA 1817-1825 Democratic Republican
6. John Quincy Adams - A352 1767-1848 MA 1825-1829 Democratic Republican
7. Andrew Jackson - J250 1767-1845 SC 1829-1837 Democratic
8. Martin Van Buren - V516 1782-1862 NY 1837-1841 Democratic
9. William Henry Harrison - H625 1773-1841 VA 1841 Whig
10. John Tyler - T460 1790-1862 VA 1841-1845 Whig
11. James K Polk - P420 1790-1862 NC 1845-1849 Democratic
12. Zachary Taylor - T460 1784-1850 VA 1849-1850 Whig
13. Millard Fillmore - F456 1800-1874 NY 1850-1853 Whig
14. Franklin Pierce - P620 1804-1869 NH 1853-1857 Democratic
15. James Buchanan - B255 1791-1868 PA 1857-1861 Democratic
16. Abraham Lincoln - L524 1809-1865 KY 1861-1865 Republican
17. Andrew Johnson - J525 1808-1875 NC 1865-1869 Republican
18. Ulysses S Grant - G653 1822-1865 OH 1869-1877 Republican
19. Rutherford B Hayes - H200 1822-1893 OH 1877-1881 Republican
20. James A Garfield - G614 1831-1881 OH 1881 Republican
21. Chester A Arthur - A636 1829-1886 VT 1881-1885 Republican
22. Grover Cleveland - C414 1837-1908 NJ 1885-1889 Democratic
23. Benjamin Harrison - H625 1833-1901 OH 1889-1893 Republican
24. Grover Cleveland - C414 1837-1908 NJ 1893-1897 Democratic
25. William McKinley - M254 1843-1901 OH 1897-1901 Republican
26. Theodore Roosevelt - R214 1858-1919 NY 1901-1909 Republican
27. William Howard Taft - T130 1857-1930 OH 1909-1913 Republican
28. Woodrow Wilson - W425 1856-1924 VA 1913-1921 Democratic
29. Warren G Harding - H635 1865-1922 OH 1921-1923 Republican
30. Calvin Coolidge - C432 1872-1933 VT 1923-1929 Republican
31. Herbert Hoover - H160 1874-1964 IA 1929-1933 Republican
32. Franklin D Roosevelt - R214 1882-1945 NY 1933-1945 Democratic
33. Harry S Truman - T655 1884-1972 MO 1945-1953 Democratic
34. Dwight D Eisenhower - E256 1890-1969 TX 1953-1961 Republican
35. John F Kennedy - K530 1917-1963 MA 1961-1963 Democratic
36. Lyndon B Johnson - J525 1908-1973 TX 1963-1969 Democratic
37. Richard M Nixon - N250 1913-1994 CA 1969-1974 Republican
38. Gerald R Ford - F630 1913-2006 NB 1974-1977 Republican
39. Jimmy Carter - C636 1924- GA 1977-1981 Democratic
40. Ronald Reagan - R250 1911-2004 IL 1981-1989 Republican
41. George H. W. Bush - B200 1924-2018 MA 1989-1993 Republican
42. Bill Clinton - C453 1946- AR 1993-2001 Democratic
43. George W Bush - B200 1946- CT 2001-2009 Republican
44. Barack Hussein Obama - O150 1961- 2009-2017 Democratic Socialist
45. Donald John Trump - T651 1946- NY 2017-2021 Republican
46. Joseph Robinette Biden - B350 1942- PA 2021-2025 Democratic Socialist

Federalist Party:

The Federalist Party was the first American political party, from the early 1790s to 1816, the era of the First Party System, with remnants lasting into the 1820s. The Federalists controlled the federal government until 1801. The party was formed by Alexander Hamilton, who, during George Washington's first term, built a network of supporters, largely urban bankers and businessmen, to support his fiscal policies. These supporters grew into the Federalist Party committed to a fiscally sound and nationalistic government. The United States only Federalist president was John Adams although George Washington was broadly sympathetic to the Federalist program, he remained an independent his entire presidency. The Federalist policies called for a national bank, tariffs, and good relations with Britain as expressed in the Jay Treaty negotiated in 1794.

Democratic Republican:

The party formed, first as a caucus in the House of Representatives and then in every state to contest elections and oppose the programs of Secretary for the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Jefferson needed to have a nationwide party to counteract the Federalists, a nationwide party recently formed by Hamilton. Foreign affairs took a leading role in 1795 as the Republicans opposed the Jay Treaty with Britain, which was then at war with France. Admiring the French revolution, it demanded good relations with France, until Napoleon came to power in 1799. The party denounced many of Hamilton's measures especially the national bank as unconstitutional. The party was strongest in the South and weakest in the Northeast; it favored states rights and the primacy of the yeoman farmers and the planters over bankers, industrialists, merchants, and investors.

Whig Party:

The Whig Party was a political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. Considered integral to the Second Party System and operating from the early 1830s to the mid 1850s, the party was formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. In particular, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernization and economic protectionism. This name was chosen to echo the American Whigs of 1776, who fought for independence, and because Whig was then a widely recognized label of choice for people who identified as opposing tyranny. The Whig Party counted among its members such national political luminaries as Daniel Webster, William Henry Harrison, and their preeminent leader, Henry Clay of Kentucky. In addition to Harrison, the Whig Party also nominated war heroes generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. Abraham Lincoln was the chief Whig leader in frontier Illinois. In its two decades of existence, the Whig Party had two of its candidates, William Henry Harrison and Zachary Taylor, elected president. Both died in office. John Tyler succeeded to the presidency after Harrison's death but was expelled from the party. Millard Fillmore, who succeeded to the presidency after Taylors death, was the last Whig to hold the nations highest office.

Democratic Party:

The Democratic Party evolved from Anti-Federalist factions that opposed the fiscal policies of Alexander Hamilton in the early 1790s. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison organized these factions into the Democratic-Republican Party. The party favored states rights and strict adherence to the Constitution; it opposed a national bank and wealthy, moneyed interests. The Democratic-Republican Party ascended to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the partys chief rival, the Federalist Party disbanded. Democratic-Republicans split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe, and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the Democratic Party. Along with the Whig Party, the Democratic Party was the chief party in the United States until the Civil War. The Whigs were a commercial party, and usually less popular, if better financed. The Whigs divided over the slavery issue after the Mexican–American War and faded away. In the 1850s, under the stress of the Fugitive Slave Law and the Kansas Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Democrats left the party. Joining with former members of existing or dwindling parties, the Republican Party emerged.

Republican Party:

Founded in northern states in 1854 by anti-slavery activists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party quickly became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the briefly popular Know Nothing Party. The main cause was opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise by which slavery was kept out of Kansas. The Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting where the name (Republican) was suggested for a new anti-slavery party was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin. The first official party convention was held on July 6, 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. By 1858, the Republicans dominated nearly all northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in 1860 with the election of Lincoln to the Presidency and Republicans in control of Congress and the northern states. It oversaw the saving of the union, the destruction of slavery, and the provision of equal rights to all men in the American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877. The Republicans initial base was in the Northeast and the upper Midwest. With the realignment of parties and voters in the Third Party System, the strong run of John C. Fremont in the 1856 Presidential election demonstrated it dominated most northern states. Early Republican ideology was reflected in the 1856 slogan free labor, free land, free men.

Democratic Socialist:

Democratic socialist is a political philosophy supporting political democracy within a socially owned economy, with a particular emphasis on economic democracy, workplace democracy and workers' self-management within a market socialist economy or some form of a decentralized planned socialist economy. Democratic socialists argue that capitalism is inherently incompatible with the values of freedom, equality and solidarity and that these ideals can only be achieved through the realization of a socialist society. Although most democratic socialists seek a gradual transition to socialism, democratic socialism can support either revolutionary or reformist politics as means to establish socialism. As a term, democratic socialism was popularized by social democrats and other socialists who were opposed to the authoritarian socialist development in Russia and elsewhere during the 20th century. Democratic socialists endorse a post-capitalist, socialist economic system as an alternative to capitalism. Some democratic socialists advocate market socialism based on workplace self-management, while others support a non-market system based on decentralized-participatory planning. Many contemporary democratic socialists reject centralized planning as a basis for democratic socialism.

Socialist Party:

Socialism is a political, social and economic philosophy encompassing a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership of the means of production and workers' self-management of enterprises. It includes the political theories and movements associated with such systems. Social ownership can be public, collective, cooperative, or of equity. While no single definition encapsulates many types of socialism, social ownership is the one common element. Socialists disagree about the degree to which social control or regulation of the economy is necessary, how far society should intervene and whether government, particularly existing government, is the correct vehicle for change.

Communist Party:

A communist party is a far-left political party that seeks to realize the social and economic goals of communism. The term communist party was popularized by the title of The Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. As a vanguard party, the communist party guides the political education and development of the working class. As the ruling party, the communist party exercises power through the dictatorship of the proletariat. Vladimir Lenin developed the idea of the communist party as the revolutionary vanguard, when social democracy in Imperial Russia was divided into ideologically opposed factions, the Bolshevik faction and the Menshevik faction. To be politically effective, Lenin proposed a small vanguard party managed with democratic centralism which allowed centralized command of a disciplined cadre of professional revolutionaries. Once the policy was agreed upon, realizing political goals required every Bolshevik's total commitment to the agreed-upon policy.